The Kavli Prize recognizes scientists for their seminal advances in three research areas: astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience. The Kavli Prize consists of USD 1,000,000 in each of the scientific fields. In addition to the prize money the laureates receive a scroll and a gold medal.
The Kavli Prize is awarded every second year by The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters at a ceremony in Oslo, Norway.
The Kavli Prize was established to:
- Recognise outstanding scientific research
- Honour highly creative scientists
- Promote public understanding of scientists and their work
- Foster international cooperation among scientists
The agreement to establish the Kavli Prize was signed in 2005 by the founder of The Kavli Foundation, Fred Kavli, Kristin Clemet, Norwegian Minister of Education and Research and Jan Fridthjof Bernt, President of The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. The Kavli Prize was awarded for the first time in 2008.
The Kavli Prize Laureates with HM King Harald and dignitaries prior to the Government's Banquet From left: Fabian Stang (Mayor of Oslo), Rockell N. Hankin, Robert W. Conn, Andrei D. Linde, Alan H. Guth, Alexei A. Starobinsky, John O'Keefe, Marcus E. Raichle, Brenda Milner, King Harald, Thomas W. Ebbesen, Stefan W. Hell, John B. Pendry, Torbjørn Røe Isaksen,Nils Christian Stenseth and Øivind Andersen.(Photo: Thomas B. Eckhoff)
The scientific fields
The Kavli Prize emphasise the science of the greatest physical dimensions of space and time, the science of the smallest dimensions of systems of atoms and molecules, and the science of the most complex systems, especially living organisms.
The Kavli Prize in Astrophysics is awarded for outstanding achievement in advancing our knowledge and understanding of the origin, evolution and properties of the universe, including the felds of cosmology, astrophysics, astronomy, planetary science, solar physics, space science, astrobiology, astronomical and astrophysical instrumentation, and particle astrophysics.
The Kavli Prize in Nanoscience is awarded for outstanding achievement in the science and application of the unique physical, chemical and biological properties of atomic, molecular, macromo-lecular and cellular structures and systems that are manifest in the nanometre scale, including molecular selfassembly, nanomaterials, nanoscale instrumenta-tion, nanobiotechnology, macromolecular synthesis, molecular mechanics and related topics.
The Kavli Prize in Neuroscience is awarded for outstanding achievement in advancing our knowledge and understanding of the brain and nervous system, including molecular neuroscience, cellular neuroscience, systems neuroscience, neu-rogenetics, developmental neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, computational neuroscience and related facets of the brain and nervous system.
Selection of the Kavli Laureates
The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters appoints the three prize committees after receiving recommendations from the following international academies and equivalent scientific organizations:
• The Chinese Academy of Sciences
• The French Academy of Sciences
• The Max Planck Society (Germany)
• The National Academy of Sciences (US)
• The Royal Society (UK)
The prize committees review the nominated candidates and submit their recommendations to the board of The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. The President of the Academy announces the prize winners.
The prize winners were announced 29 May, 2014 at The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. The announcement was transmitted live to New York where it was part of the opening of the World Science Festival.
King Harald presented the prizes to the laureates at an award ceremony in Oslo, Norway, 9 September 2014.